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Resources on Global Educational Exchange in Medicine and the Health Professions

We welcome your feedback on the usefulness of these resources and recommendations for additional materials that may be of interest to those involved in global exchange. To send us your suggestions, please e-mail

Research on Global Educational Exchange in Medicine and the Health Professions

Drain PK, Holmes KK, Skeff KM, Hall TL, Gardner P. Global Health Training and International Clinical Rotations During Residency: Current Status, Needs, and Opportunities. Academic Medicine. 2009;84(3):320–325.

The authors examined the importance of global health training to residents, as evidenced in surveys of residents, despite a lack of coordination and support from most residency programs and accreditation agencies. They concluded that residents can receive safe, coordinated, and accredited global health training if feasible administrative steps are taken. The authors proposed further examination of endorsement and support for international rotations from both accrediting bodies and residency programs.

Hanson L. Global Citizenship, Global Health, and the Internationalization of Curriculum: A Study of Transformative Potential. Journal of Studies in International Education. 2010;14(1):70–88.

Hanson explored philosophical, pedagogical, institutional, and curricular issues related to the need for radical reform to curricula to foster internationalization and engaged global citizenship. This paper reports on a six-year outcome evaluation of the impact and transformative potential of two interdisciplinary global health courses that employ transformative pedagogies. The author examined the potential for this pedagogical model to foster global citizenship and create “bridges of understanding” between local and global health issues.

McKinley DW, Iacone AM. Facilitating student exchanges in health professions education through institutional partnerships. Annals of Global Health. 2014;80(3):170.

The authors examined the challenges of establishing multilateral partnerships and mutually acceptable processes to facilitate international medical education exchange. The abstract provides an overview of the rationale and methodology underlying the development of GEMxsm.

McKinley DW, Williams SR, Norcini JJ, Anderson MB. International Exchange Programs and U.S. Medical Schools. Academic Medicine. 2008;83(10 Suppl):S53–S57.

The authors presented the results of an on-line survey of 103 representatives of 96 U.S. allopathic medical schools conducted to collect information about the types of international opportunities in medical education available to faculty, students, and residents. They concluded that U.S. medical schools are developing and refining international health opportunities for students and residents, based on the sample studied.
Resources for Students

Ethics and Medical Electives in Resource-poor Countries — A Tool Kit
British Medical Association

Provides practical advice to students on ethical issues that they may face when taking an exchange elective.

Medical Electives
Available to British Medical Association Members
British Medical Association

Addressed primarily to medical students in the United Kingdom, contains practical advice on planning and taking exchange electives, including information on costs, travel, personal health, and safety.

Parker J, Mitchell R, Mansfield S, Jamieson J, Humphreys D, Hersch F, Graham H, Brennan K. A Guide to Working Abroad for Australian Medical Students and Junior Doctors. The Medical Journal of Australia. 2011;194(12):1-95.

Comprehensive guide to selecting and planning for an exchange elective, addressed primarily to Australian medical students. Includes information on global health, selecting a region for study, cultural considerations, costs, travel, and personal and professional development.
GEMxsm Publications

Join GEMx: Student Benefits of Membership

English (PDF)

Spanish (PDF)

Join GEMx: Partner Organization Benefits of Membership

English (PDF)

Spanish (PDF)

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Last updated: October 18, 2019